Management Tools

A management system addresses the performance issues involved in administering a pest management program. Environmental improvements can be captured through the use of the following management tools:

• A model pest management policy or plan; ( »» more )
• An inventory of where pesticides are currently used and good housekeeping practices;
• A specified set of pest management roles and responsibilities;
• Total cost analysis; ( »» more )
• Training modules; ( »» more )
• Defined contract specifications for sub-contractors; and, ( »» more )
• Evaluation criteria, and monitoring/reporting mechanisms. ( »» more )

For reference material on two or more of the above topics click here

Model Pest Management Policies and Plans

•Organic Pest Management Policy – Town of Marblehead
Working with local citizens, the Marblehead Board of Health adopted an Organic Pest Management Policy for Turf and Landscape on all Town-owned Lands. It prohibits the use of all pesticides on town lands and mandates organic protocols. It also mandates yearly testing of our Town Compost.

•Model IPM Policy Framework – IPM Practitioners Association
This framework is geared towards the development of IPM policies for public land resource management settings.

•Model Integrated Vegetation and Pest Management Policy – IPM Practitioners Association
This policy provides implementation guidelines for departments and contractors that are directly involved with managing vegetation and pests or the planning, design, and construction of new and rebuilt landscapes and facilties.

•Pesticide Reduction Template – FCM Strategy for Responsible Pest Management
Several Canadian municipalities have adopted and implemented pesticide reduction work plans to address local concerns. The following provides a generic template that can be applied and adapted to any individual municipal situation.

•Model Pesticide Reduction Plan – The Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence
This report is can be used as a guide for conducting a pesticide reduction opportunity assessment and preparing a management action plan for reducing pesticide usage.
Total Cost Analysis

• Costing Templates for Sports Fields – City of Mississauga

•Calculating the True Costs of Pest Control – Department of Ecology
This guide provides a simple method to help organizations estimate and compare the total costs of a conventional pest management program with the costs of an Integrated Pest Management Progam. For a copy of this document, please contact: Department of Ecology,, tel:(360)-407-7472. pub# 99-433

Training Modules

Training Videos
• Pesticides: What Really is the Issue? Perception is Reality! – Ontario Parks Association(OPA)
This video is a taping of a presentation by a past president of the OPA, and Director of Recreation and Leisure Services for the City of Waterloo, Brian Detzler. Brian, through a ‘power point’ presentation outlines how municipalities can reduce their dependence on pesticides through an Integrated Plant Health Care approach. Plants that are kept healthy and under less environmental stress are better able to survive and recuperate from pest infestations, such as weeds and insects. Brian does not promote a total ban of pesticides, but encourages that pesticides be only one of many “tools” to be used from a “tool box” of strategies to maintain healthy turf, which is important for our environment. Video is 45-50 minutes in length and can be purchased through the OPA at $15.00 plus GST.
Defined Contract Specifications for Sub-contractors

• Contractor Specifications – City of Waterloo

• Contractor Daily Status Report – City of Waterloo

• The City of Santa Monica’s Environmental Purchasing – A Case Study – U.S. EPA
Scroll to pages 18-21 of this document to uncover how the City of Santa Monica’s IPM services were purchased. Topics covered include: drafting specifications, training and program evaluation.

Evaluation Criteria, and Monitoring/Reporting Mechanisms
• Sample Monitoring Forms – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
This document provides monitoring forms for both indoor and outdoor environments.

• Integrated Pest Management – Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection

• IPM Standards for School Grounds – IPM Institute of North America Inc.

More Reference Material

• Comprehensive Municipal Toolset for Plant Healthcare and Healthy Lawns
Environment Canada-Ontario Region along with the Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MOE), the Cities of Toronto, Mississauga, Waterloo, the Town of Caledon, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities and the Canadian Centre for Pollution Prevention (C2P2) have worked together to develop the “Municipal Management Tools for the Implementation of Plant Healthcare”. This municipal tool package is now being trial implemented by the Cities of Mississauga and Moncton, Town of Caledon and York Region. The following document is a powerpoint presentation delivered by Environment Canada outlining the details of this project.

• Cape May County, New Jersey – A Case Study – National Association of Counties
Efforts to formulate a safer, more environmentally friendly pest management program in Cape May County began in 1992. Topics covered include: purchasing policies, implementation strategy, program costs and financing. This case study is part of an environmentally preferable purchasing package from the U.S. National Association of Counties. To order this package visit:

• Integrated Pest Management: Getting Started – Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food & Rural Affairs
Implementing IPM will require that you change the way you currently manage and change is something that most of us are not very fond of. The steps outlined in this document provide a guide to getting started.

• How to Develop an IPM Program – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
This document provides a step-by-step guide for implementing an IPM program, and includes a discussion of the psychological and institutional barriers to IPM.