Best Management Practices and Alternative Approaches

Best Management Practices and Alternative Approaches

• Definition of Plant Health Care
• Definition of Integrated Pest Management

• The Impact of By-Laws and Public Education Programs on Reducing the Cosmetic / Non-Essential, Residential Use of Pesticides: A Best Practices Review – This in-depth study, conducted by the Canadian Centre for Pollution Prevention and Cullbridge Marketing and Communications scanned Canada, the U.S.A. and Europe for the most effective programmes aimed at reducing residential pesticide use.

• Lawn and Order: A Review of the Literature on Effective Strategies for Reducing Outdoor Residential Pesticide Use – This literature review was prepared for the Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto and Toronto Public Health (TPH), working together through the Centre for Urban Health Initiatives (CUHI) at the University of Toronto. The key question for the review was to examine whether education and outreach strategies alone are effective in reducing residential use of chemical pesticides, and whether the use of by-laws increases the effectiveness of education and outreach activities. The review was undertaken to refine research questions and lay the foundation for funding applications to support further research to evaluate the effectiveness of different strategies for reducing urban pesticide use. The scope of the review was broadened to include studies of pesticide use behaviour and the history of gardening and lawn-care in North America, to paint a more complete picture of the motivations and structural limitations on individual choice in the context of private outdoor landscaping.

• Comprehensive Municipal Toolset for Plant Healthcare and Healthy Lawns
Environment Canada-Ontario Region along with the Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MOE), the Cities of Toronto, Mississauga, Waterloo, the Town of Caledon, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities and the Canadian Centre for Pollution Prevention (C2P2) have worked together to develop the “Municipal Management Tools for the Implementation of Plant Healthcare”. This municipal tool package is now being trial implemented by the Cities of Mississauga and Moncton, Town of Caledon and York Region. The following document is a powerpoint presentation delivered by Environment Canada outlining the details of this project.
Is your municipality interested in being a ‘test case’ for some or all parts of this tool package?
If so, please contact:


Landscape Design (plant selection/planting):

Since pest problems are often symptomatic of ecological imbalances, the goal is to attempt to plan and manage ecosystems to prevent organisms from becoming pests. By including maintenance and plant health considerations throughout the planning and design phase of a landscape, costly and undesirable maintenance practices and the need for chemical controls can be minimized or avoided.

Landscape Maintenance Strategies:

Pest management practices can be divided into long term preventive practices and short term control treatments. Long term preventive practices focus on plant health through the use of cultural techniques. Short term control treatments include biological, physical and chemical controls.

Structural Pest Management (Buildings):

Pesticides are also used in indoor environments such as public buildings. There are several pesticide reduction strategies in place for indoor environments.